AILSA CHANG, HOST:
"The Boys In The Band" opened off-Broadway 50 years ago. Since then, the play has been lionized as a groundbreaking portrayal of gay life in the 1960s. But it's also been criticized for depicting attitudes that run counter to the current LGBTQ movement. Many of the original cast and crew have since died of AIDS. Jeff Lunden spoke with some of the survivors and members of the current revival about life back then and the play's relevance today. Because of the subject matter, some listeners might find some of the language objectionable.
JEFF LUNDEN, BYLINE: It was 1968.
MART CROWLEY: Nobody wanted the play. Not even agents wanted to look at this play. They just thought it was pornographic and it was outrageous.
LUNDEN: But playwright Mart Crowley felt he had to write what he knew. And what he wrote in "The Boys In The Band" was a thinly veiled slice of autobiographical fiction. A group of gay friends gather for a raucous birthday party. And by the end of the evening, secrets are spilled. Tears are shed.
(SOUNDBITE OF PLAY, "THE BOYS IN THE BAND")
JIM PARSONS: (As Michael) Who was it that used to always say, you show me a happy homosexual, and I'll show you a gay corpse?
LUNDEN: The playwright says he wanted to capture...
CROWLEY: The atmosphere of what it was like to be gay and everything you did or felt was against the law and that you could get arrested for almost anything. And it could be blamed on that.
LUNDEN: And for more motivation, Crowley points to one important line the character he based on himself says.
CROWLEY: Not all faggots bump themselves off at the end of the story. He was talking about plays in which most of the time when there was a gay character, they wind up committing suicide or getting beaten to death or sent to prison. There was always a terrible fate for anybody who was gay. And so I was determined not to have that happen here in this.
LUNDEN: When some courageous producers took it on, the play became a phenomenon. It ran over a thousand performances off-Broadway and in productions across the country and around the world. And it was adapted into a film.
(SOUNDBITE OF FILM, "THE BOYS IN THE BAND")
LAURENCE LUCKINBILL: (As Hank) I don't know when it was I first started admitting it to myself. For a long time, I had labeled it something else or denied it completely.
LUNDEN: That's Laurence Luckinbill, who was in the original play and the film. Luckinbill, who was a college friend of Crowley's and is straight, says getting actors to appear in "The Boys In The Band" was difficult.
LUCKINBILL: I went and told my agent, who was gay - whose husband was gay, who were closeted. And I said, I'm going to do the play. And she said, well, there goes your career.
LUNDEN: And despite the play's success, he did lose jobs, including a contract for cigarette commercials.
LUCKINBILL: The only answer they would give me was from the head guy. And he said no fags smoke our fags.
LUNDEN: There was even backlash from within the gay community itself. Luckinbill says an early activist organization denounced the play the day after it opened.
LUCKINBILL: The Mattachine Society criticized us, whining - made gay people looked bad.
LUNDEN: A year after the opening came the Stonewall Riots, when members of the gay community protested a police raid on a bar in Greenwich Village. That marked the beginning of the modern gay rights movement. And in the following years, the AIDS crisis took the lives of five of the actors, the stage manager...
LUCKINBILL: And the producers and the director. And so they basically fell in battle as far as I'm concerned.
TUC WATKINS: My initial reaction was, why are we going to go up into the attic and look at that thing again? Because I have come from a place of, I want to be out and proud and move forward and make progress.
LUNDEN: Tuc Watkins plays the same role in the revival that Laurence Luckinbill played in the original.
WATKINS: And it wasn't until we read it and we started talking about it that I was reminded that we need to know where we came from in order to move forward and appreciate the freedoms that we have.
(SOUNDBITE OF PLAY, "THE BOYS IN THE BAND")
WATKINS: (As Hank) And then there came a time where I just couldn't lie to myself anymore. I think the first time was during my wife's last pregnancy. We lived near New Haven - in the country. She and the kids still live there. Well...
LUNDEN: The revival is directed by Joe Mantello, who's assembled a cast of nine openly gay actors, including TV and film stars Jim Parsons and Zachary Quinto. Mantello says even he was a little concerned that the play wouldn't speak to gay life in 2018.
JOE MANTELLO: This play can't possibly speak for everyone. But it did speak for Mart. And it is Mart's truth. And I think it holds up beautifully.
LUNDEN: For his part, playwright Mart Crowley is happy that "The Boys In The Band" has finally made it to Broadway. And actor Brian Hutchison says it still connects with audiences on a very personal level. One evening after the play, he met two men in their 80s.
BRIAN HUTCHISON: And one of the guys just burst into tears. And they were just streaming down his face, and he couldn't really speak. And his friend said, you moved him more than you know. He's had a rough road. And it's deeply moving to know that there are still people coming to the play who were living that life, you know, and are still living that life or have those regrets.
LUNDEN: For NPR News, I'm Jeff Lunden in New York.