芬兰教育大改 弃用学科教学

作者:未知 来源:未知 2015-04-01 我要评论( )

Finland Schools Ditch ‘Subjects’ – Topics Will Be Discussed Instead

芬兰教育大改 弃用学科教学

Students in Finland won’t have to study subjects. Soon, their classrooms would resemble conferences where “topics” are discussed.


The education system is Finland is about to undergo a radical and fundamental change, despite enjoying the distinction of being one of the best in the world. The education department has decided to scrap the eons-old method of “teaching by subject.” Instead, the country will now involve the children to help them learn and question by evolving to “teaching by topic”, shared Liisa Pohjolainen, who is in charge of youth and adult education in Helsinki – the capital city at the forefront of the reform program, “This is going to be a big change in education in Finland that we’re just beginning.”

芬兰的教育体制在全球首屈一指,然而这个体制却将发生翻天覆地的变化。芬兰国家教育局已经决定废弃“分科教学”这一亘古未变的教育方法。他们将会让学生们通过“话题学习”的方式来学习和提问。负责赫尔辛基地区(教育体制改革一线城市)青年和成人教育的Liisa Pohjolainen表示:“这对芬兰的教育来说是一个巨大的改变,而我们也只是刚刚迈出第一步”。

The education system, though appearing to be radical, is quite logical, explained Pasi Silander, the city’s development manager, “What we need now is a different kind of education to prepare people for working life. Young people use quite advanced computers. In the past the banks had lots of bank clerks totting up figures but now that has totally changed. We therefore have to make the changes in education that are necessary for industry and modern society.”

虽然这次教育体制改革似乎太过颠覆,但它的出现也在情理之中。城市发展主管Pasi Silander说:“当前芬兰需要的是一种新的为人们工作生涯做准备的教育。现在的年青一代使用的是先进的计算机。而在过去,银行职员们完全靠双手完成统计,然而这一现象在当今社会早已不复存在。因此我们需要在教育方面做一些改变,以适应当前企业和社会的需要”。

How does Finland plan to implement the method of teaching by topic? Evidently holistic vocational training and cumulative skill development take up precedence over “lessons.” Those in their late teens are already being engaged in what Finland refers to as “phenomenon teaching” – or teaching by topic. For example, “cafeteria services” lessons will include elements of finance, languages (to help serve foreign customers), writing skills and communication skills.


Students will slowly be taught cross-subject topics which would have varying elements of multiple “subjects.” These elements will vary as per the “topic” or “skill” the student is learning. Apart from the same, students will move away from the traditional sitting and evaluation techniques as well.


Students will sit in smaller groups and work collectively to solve problems, all the while improving upon their communication skills. They won’t be made to sit in rows and asked questions individually to assess their progress. Instead, a group whose collaborative efforts bring out results faster will be promoted.


The education system needs a thorough overhaul, owing to the fact that traditional teaching techniques were based on primitive tools that were quite limited in availability and accessibility. With modern world being extensively connected, isn’t it time the students learn how to step ahead of mere fact-based learning that promotes memory expansion rather than mental development?



eon ['i:ən]
n. 永世;无数的年代;极长时期

overhaul [,əuvə'hɔ:l, 'əuvəhɔ:l]
vt. 分解检查,大修;追上并超过n. 彻底检修,详细检查

radical ['rædikəl]
adj. 激进的;根本的;彻底的n. 基础;激进分子;[物化] 原子团;[数] 根数

fundamental [,fʌndə'mentəl]
adj. 基本的,根本的n. 基本原理;基本原则

tot [tɔt]
n. 小孩;合计;少量vt. 合计vi. 总计