月亮不是绿奶酪做的

作者:未知 来源:未知 2013-03-31

“How do you know the moon is not made of green cheese?”
“你怎么知道月亮不是绿奶酪做的?”

Theoretical physicist Sean Carroll at the ScienceWriters2011 conference in Flagstaff on October 17th.
10月17日,在Flagstaff召开的2011科学冬季会议上,理论物理学家肖恩卡罗如是说。

“Well, we know the mass of the moon, the density and so forth, but don’t think that you fully understand the properties of lunar green cheese, this is very dense cheese. How do you know it’s not made of green cheese?
“好吧,我们知道月亮的质量,密度等数据,但是不要觉得你完全理解月亮绿奶酪的属性,这是种非常致密的奶酪。你怎么知道它不是绿奶酪做的?”

“The answer is that it’s absurd to think the moon is made of green cheese.
“答案是,认为月亮是绿奶酪做的想法是很荒谬的。”

“And the formalization of that absurdity is that we are allowed to use other things we know about the universe when judging the plausibility of a hypothesis…we have a theoretical understanding of how the solar system works and how planets are formed that precludes the possibility that the moon is made of green cheese….
“这种荒谬的正规化就是,我们可以用我们对其他的事物的认知判断一个假设的合理性。我们对太阳系的运作方式以及行星的形成理论理解排除了‘月亮是绿奶酪做成的’这一假设。”

“This is not a proof, there is no metaphysical proof, like you can proof a statement in logic or math that the moon is not made of green cheese. But science nevertheless passes judgments on claims based on how well they fit in with the rest of our theoretical understanding.”
“这并不是一个证明,这里不存在一个抽象的证明,你不可以同证明一个逻辑上的或数学上的声明一样证明月亮不是绿色奶酪做的。但是科学永远不会依靠一个事物是否符合我们的现有认知来判断其正误。”

    栏目推荐